Archive for hellenistic

The Photographic Fallacy

Posted in Fallacies of Ambiguity with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 19, 2009 by designldg

The Photographic Fallacy


This is a fallacy of equivocation, I have been playing with this image, misleading your visual perception.

Here I am showing a close-up of a classical greek sculpture which is in Le Louvre museum in Paris.
It was fun to use colours in order to emphase this perfectly proportioned figure of the Hellenistic period.

This was the time when sculptors were using a combination of Contrapposto and “in the round” compositions (intended to be seen from multiple angles) creating more interesting and natural poses. 
The fundamental aim was to create fluidity within the pose by changing from the conventional parallels of the shoulders, hips and knees to sloping angles. 
These angles were much more comparable to the anatomy in real life, further emphasising naturalism and movement.

“Beyond is Arachosia”

Posted in Fallacies of Ambiguity with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 19, 2009 by designldg

"Beyond is Arachosia"


“Beyond is Arachosia. 
And the Parthians call this White India; there are the city of Biyt and the city of Pharsana and the city of Chorochoad and the city of Demetrias; then Alexandropolis, the metropolis of Arachosia; it is Greek, and by it flows the river Arachotus. 
As far as this place the land is under the rule of the Parthians.”
(“Parthians stations”, 1st century CE)

Those words are from Isidorus of Charax who described during the 1st century CE, “Alexandropolis, the metropolis of Arachosia”, which he said was still Greek at such a late time.
Alexandria in Arachosia was a city in ancient times that is now called Kandahar or Qandahar (Pashto: کندھار, Persian: قندهار) in Afghanistan. 
It was founded by Alexander the Great and it is believed that Kandahar bears Alexander’s name from the Arabic and Persian rendering of “Alexander”, which derives from Iskandariya for Alexandria.
In Hindi Alexander is called Sikander (सिकन्दर) because at that time people were hearing “al-eks-an-der” or “the Ksander”.

After the departure of Alexander the city became part of the Mauryan Empire. 
The Mauryan emperor Ashoka erected a pillar there with a bilingual inscription in Greek and Aramaic.
The Greco-Bactrian Kingdom occupied Kandahar after the Mauryans, but then lost the city to the Indo-Greek Kingdom.

Here again this image is a close-up of a sculpture of the Hellenistic period which is in Le Louvre museum (Paris) and I have been using colours in order to provide a fallacy of equivocation on what is human and what is not…

The Eleusinian Mysteries

Posted in Fallacies of Ambiguity with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 19, 2009 by designldg

The Eleusinian Mysteries


The Eleusinian Mysteries (Greek: Ἐλευσίνια Μυστήρια) were ceremonies held every year for the cult of Demeter and Persephone based at Eleusis in ancient Greece. 
They were religious practices characterized by initiation rites, cathartic and ecstatic practices, and a code of silence.
These myths and mysteries were the most famous and begun in the Mycenean period (c. 1700 BC) and lasting two thousand years, were a major festival during the Hellenic era, later spreading to Rome.
The rites, ceremonies, and beliefs were kept secret, as initiation was believed to unite the worshipper with the gods and included promises of divine power and rewards in the afterlife.
Since the Mysteries involved visions and conjuring of an afterlife, some scholars believe that the power and longevity of the Eleusinian Mysteries came from psychedelic agents.

Eleuseos means “the coming,” so the word Eleusinian refers to a spiritual advent. 
Mysterion means to close the mouth or eyes; its root mu imitates the sound made with the lips closed. 
Mysteria thus signified an event defined by closing the lips, closing the eyes, and entering into darkness. 
The journey of consciousness taken from that point onward was a mystery indeed, and yet we will explore these mysteries.

This is a picture that I took a few days ago on the upper terrace in Varanasi (Benaras) for our new catalogue.
The poses, the light and of course the fact that we mostly had throws to drape were easily reminding me sculptures of the Hellenistic period.
Now I am playing with those images and others that I took in Le Louvre museum, making a fallacy of equivocation and misleading the viewer’s perception.