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“While the Unbelievers got up in their hearts heat and cant – the heat and cant of ignorance,- Allah sent down His Sakina – tranquility (sakīnatahu) to his Messenger and to the Believers, and made them stick close to the command of self-restraint; and well were they entitled to it and worthy of it.
And Allah has full knowledge of all things.”
(The Qur’an [48:26])
Sukaina is the Spirit of Tranquility, or Peace of Reassurance it’s also a shortened form of the original word “Sakina” which is mentioned in the Quran as having descended upon the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the believers as they made an unarmed pilgrimage to Mecca, and were faced with an opposing military force of the Quraysh, with whom the Prophet struck the Treaty of Hudaybiyah.
“He it is Who sent down the sakina into the hearts of the believers that they might add faith unto their faith”.
(The Qur’an [48:4])
The sakina is related to the Hebrew Shekhinah, the term for God’s presence in the world.
The root of the word is sa-ka-na which means “dwelled” or “remained in place”.
This further supports the association with the Shekhinah as “indwelling”.
Sufi writings, in expounding the inner peace of Sufi contemplation, which dwells in a sanctuary or in the heart, confirm the association with both Sakina and the Shekhinah.
Sufi reference to sa-ka-na as meaning both stillness and habitation adds to the identity with Shekhinah’s indwelling nature.
Another Quranic association with the concord of dwellings in peace coincides with the attribution of the Shekhinah to matrimonial concord under the tent of Sarah:
“And God gave you your houses as a quiescent place (sakanan).” (The Qur’an [16:80])
This is a close-up of the bulb roof of the Chhota Imambara, also known as Hussainabad Imambara or the Palace of Lights, located in Lucknow, the city of the Nawabs in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.Built by Muhammad Ali Shah, The third Nawab of Avadh in 1838, it was to serve as his own mausoleum.