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“We feel and know that we are eternal”.
(Baruch Spinoza – Dutch Philosopher, exponent of the Rationalism, 1632-1677)
The Tomb of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq is located to the south of Tughlaqabad in New Delhi.
Built by Ghiyasuddin Tughlak during 1321-25, it is an impressive structure with red sandstone with the walls being sloppy.
Pentagonal walls enclose the tomb giving an impression of a fort.
In here sleeps not only Ghiyas-ud-din but also his wife, Makh Dumai Jahan and his second son Mahmud Khan, who died with him under the pavilion.
The mausoleum itself is very simple like a warrior’s tomb, with the same sloping red sandstone walls which are Tughlaq hallmarks.
Each wall has arched gateways decorated with latticework and white marble and the dome is entirely of white marble.
This rather severe tomb does allow itself a few inscribed panels, arch borders, latticework screens and ‘lotus-bud’ edges which decorate it.
Towards the left of the entrance, in the corridor, there is a tiny grave which is said to be that of the sultan’s favorite dog; which is not exactly a typical thing for a Muslim, who consider dogs unclean, to do.
Ghiyas ud-Din Tughluq’s (غیاث الدین تغلق) real name was Ghazi Malik, he was the founder and first ruler of the Turkic Muslim Tughluq dynasty in India, who reigned over Sultanate of Delhi (Sep, 08, 1320 – Feb, 1325).
He has been the founder of the third city of Delhi called Tughluqabad.
His mother was Hindu.
He had established himself as a great ruler.
He removed corrupt officials from his administration and reformed the judiciary and all existing police departments.
He also reduced the land revenue to 1/10 of the produce.
He was an efficient administrator and a capable military commander and introduced a number of reforms for his welfare of his subjects and suppressed revolts in distant provinces.
He restored peace and stability in the Delhi Sultanate.
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